It is the set of rights that protect human thought and creativity, including copyright and related rights, patents, trademarks, industrial models, plant varieties, and layout designs for integrated circuits.
A patent is an exclusive right granted for an invention, which is a product or a process that provides, in general, a new way of doing something, or offers a new technical solution to a problem. To get a patent, technical information about the invention must be disclosed to the public in a patent application.
Industrial design includes the creations that take shape in the decorative or aesthetic appearance of an object. The design can consist of three-dimensional elements, such as the shape or surface of the piece, or two-dimensional elements, such as graphics, lines or colors.
An integrated circuit is a miniature electronic circuit designed to perform a precise electronic function. They are generally used in electronic devices; In it, the elements—at least one of which is active—and the connections or some form an integral form in an interconnected piece of matter. These elements are put together in a three-dimensional arrangement for manufacturing purposes.
It is a botanical group that belongs to a single botanical taxon; It is classified as one of the lowest known grades. It is determined by the expression of traits and characteristics that result from a single genotype; or a particular set of genotypes. It can also be distinguished from any plant group by the expression of mentioned characteristics; And considering it a special unit by its ability to reproduce while maintaining its characteristics unchanged.
Trademarks are those creations that come in the form of names, words, signatures, letters, symbols, numbers, titles, and seals, as well as designs, graphics, images, distinctive engravings, or the way graphic elements are wrapped; Or shapes, a color, group of colors or combinations, or any sign or group of signs if they are used or intended to be used to distinguish goods or services of a facility.
Copyright falls under intellectual property; it gives the author or creator the right to use and exploit the work, and prevent others from using and benefiting from it without their consent.
The author's literary and material rights are fully reserved for the creators.
Who is called (the author)?
The author is the person who created the work; Whoever has their name published on the work is considered an author unless proven otherwise. In cases where their name is not mentioned; or referring to it under a pseudonym, the publisher becomes a representative on behalf of the author. The name of the author also includes anyone who contributes in the creation of visual and audio work; Like authors of texts, scenarios, and dialogue writers.